Many of the advanced PGT methods used by Juno Genetics are available nowhere else in the world. Consequently, it is necessary to send samples to the Juno laboratory (in Oxford, UK) in order to access the tests. In most cases, the time required for the shipping of samples, and for the complex laboratory procedures, means that embryos must be cryopreserved (vitrified) while the test is carried out. Embryos can usually be thawed and transferred during the following cycle.